Human being can gain a lot from resources available in marine and ocean resources. But the value of the benefits they can derive depend on how well they manage such resources. It is on record that oceans contain nearly 200,000 identified species, but actual numbers may lie in the millions.
We need to be conscious of the fact that our lives depend on oceans as Oceans cover three-quarters of the Earth’s surface, contain 97% of the Earth’s water, and represent 99% of the living space on the planet by volume.
The market value of the worth of Ocean and marine resources has been relatively fixed by United Nations to about at $3 trillion per year or about 5% of global GDP. Can human afford to waste or mismanage such a huge resources? A vital ingredient human needs for growth, protein, is provided by oceans resources with more than 3 billion people depending on the oceans as their primary source.
More importantly Oceans absorb about 30% of carbon dioxide produced by humans, buffering the impacts of global warming! No one can argue global warming is not a challenge to human existence today.
In terms of employment generation, Marine fisheries directly or indirectly employ over 200 million people.
Unfortunately, as much as 40% of world oceans are heavily affected by human activities, including pollution, depleted fisheries, and loss of coastal habitats. As long as such abnormal use of or lack of appropriate treatment of marine and ocean resources persist, human beings may likely jeopardize their chances of getting high value from these invaluable resources.
With these huge benefits of marine and oceans resources, United Nations Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) number 14 is focused on Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.
Let everyone resolve to avoid unwholesome use and destruction of oceans and marine resources. The achievement of SDG 14 is a massive gain to humanity.