UN PUBLICATIONS from MAY 2014
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ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS
WHO / Maternal Mortality Estimation Inter-Agency Group (MMEIG)
* Trends in maternal mortality estimates 1990 to 2013 is published by the Maternal Mortality Estimation Inter-Agency Group (MMEIG) which includes the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the United Nations Population Division (UNPD) and the World Bank Group. The estimation process was done in collaboration with an academic team from the National University of Singapore, Singapore and University of California, Berkeley, United States of America.
Trends in maternal mortality estimates 1990 to 2013: www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/monitoring/maternal-mortality-2013
Global causes of maternal death: a WHO systematic analysis, The Lancet
WHO fact sheet on maternal mortality: www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348
Tune in to the conversation on social media! Follow #savingmothers
“World Health Statistics 2014”
People everywhere are living longer: a girl who born in 2012 can expect to live to
around 73 years, and a boy to the age of 68. This is 6 years longer than the average
global life expectancy for a child born in 1990. The report shows that low-income
countries have made the greatest progress, with an average increase in life expectancy
by 9 years from 1990 to 2012.
Press release: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2014/world-health-statistics-2014/en/
WHO / UNICEF “Progress on drinking water and sanitation: 2014 update “
Since 1990, almost 2 billion people globally have gained access to improved sanitation,
and 2.3 billion have gained access to drinking-water from improved sources. The report
also highlights a narrowing disparity in access to cleaner water and better sanitation
between rural and urban areas.
Full text (78 pages): http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/112727/1/9789241507240_eng.pdf?ua=1
Press Release: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/notes/2014/jmp-report/en/
Read more: http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/publications/2014/jmp-report/en/
UNODC “Global Study on Homicide 2013”
The report shows that almost half a million people (437,000) across the world lost
their lives in 2012 as a result of intentional homicide.
Full report (166 pages): http://www.unodc.org/documents/gsh/pdfs/2014_GLOBAL_HOMICIDE_BOOK_web.pdf
Read more (Eng and Spa): http://www.unodc.org/gsh/
Press Release: http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/frontpage/2014/May/police-judicial-response-to-homicide-found-to-be-prompt-albeit-with-marked-regional-disparities.html?ref=fs1
2014 Africa Progress Panel report (for information only)
“Grain, Fish, Money: Financing Africa’s Green and Blue Revolutions”
The annual Report is the flagship publication. Africa’s rich natural resources offer a unique opportunity
for a breakthrough in improving the lives of Africa’s citizens, says Kofi Annan, the former UN
Secretary-General, but too often these resources are plundered by corrupt officials and foreign
investors. Rising inequality is also blocking Africa from seizing that opportunity, the report shows.
Summary (24 pages): http://www.apo-mail.org/APP_Summary_EN.pdf
Press Release: http://appablog.wordpress.com/2014/05/08/plunder-of-timber-and-fisheries-is-holding-africa-back-kofi-annan/
UNAIDS / UNWTO / Sustainable Tourism for Eliminating Poverty Foundation
“The Bravest Boy I Know”
The book is about two friends in Africa, Kendi and Kayla. Kendi is living with HIV. It is a tale
of how the two friends deal with HIV in a positive way. The book conveys the important
message that by taking medicine children living with HIV can live active and healthy lives.
Press Release: http://www.unaids.org/en/resources/presscentre/pressreleaseandstatementarchive/2014/may/20140708bravestboyiknow/
“Study facilitating the identification, description and evaluation of the effects of new
information technologies on the abuse and exploitation of children” (E/CN.15/2014/CRP.1)
The study covers the main forms of ICT-facilitated child abuse and exploitation, including the
creation and distribution of child sexual abuse material (child pornography); commercial sexual
exploitation of children; cyber-enticement, solicitation and grooming; cyber-bullying,
cyber-harassment and cyber-stalking; as well as exposure to harmful content.
Full text (72 pages): http://www.unodc.org/documents/commissions/CCPCJ_session23/ECN152014CRP1e_V1403040.pdf
Press Release: http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/frontpage/2014/May/crime-commission-tackles-migrant-smuggling.html?ref=fs
FAO “Food Outlook” – Biannual Report on Global Food Markets, May 2014
Weather conditions in various countries and political tensions in the Black Sea region
have made food markets more volatile. /
Full text (142 pages): http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/I3751E.pdf
Read more: http://www.fao.org/giews/english/fo/index.htm
Press Release: http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/231162/icode/
Every Newborn: An Executive Summary for The Lancet’s Series
It presents the clearest picture so far of the ongoing slow progress in newborn survival. Every year, 2.9 million newborn babies die from largely preventable causes, and 2.6
million more are stillborn. The five papers advocate a specific focus: facility-based care around the time of birth and responsive health systems.
“The ILO at Work: Development Results 2012-2013”
This review of ILO development results over the past two years reflects the changing
nature of its operations and the growing recognition of the value of decent work. It
showcases a sample of measurable results, success stories and good practices, reflected in
the fact that in 2012-2013 the ILO achieved a delivery rate of 80 per cent, the highest
Full text (70 pages): http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—dgreports/—exrel/documents/publication/wcms_243958.pdf
“The situation of workers of the occupied Arab territories”
The annual report calls for resumption of negotiations and the lifting of restrictions to
improve the situation of Palestinian workers and entrepreneurs.
Press Release: http://www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/newsroom/news/WCMS_244201/lang–en/index.htm
UNEP / FAO / WRAP – Think.Eat.Save Guidance
“Prevention and reduction of food and drink waste in businesses and households:
Guidance for governments, local authorities, businesses and other organisations”
A new tool, as part of SAVE FOOD Initiative and FAO-UNEP Sustainable Food
Systems Programme, provides guidance to governments, local authorities, businesses
and others on designing effective food waste prevention programmes.
Full text (8 pages); http://www.thinkeatsave.org/downloads/TES-Guidance-Exec-summary-Final.pdf
“Global Programme for Combating Wildlife and Forest Crime”
The Global Programme will be implemented over the next four years and is an
important step towards building Government capacity to prevent and combat crime on
a regional, national and local basis and raise awareness to contribute to the reduction of
demand for wild fauna and flora.
Press Release: http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/frontpage/2014/May/unodc-adopts-new-global-programme-for-combatting-wildlife-and-forest-crime.html?ref=fs1
ILO’s flagship report
“World of Work Report 2014: Developing with jobs”
This year’s edition focuses on developing countries and argues that quality jobs are a key driver for development. It draws on evidence from over 140 developing countries
and finds that a common factor amongst those countries that have achieved higher per capita income and sustained growth was quality jobs.
Full text (222 pages): http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—dgreports/—dcomm/documents/publication/wcms_243961.pdf
Summary (Eng, Fre, Spa): http://www.ilo.org/global/research/global-reports/world-of-work/2014/WCMS_243961/lang–en/index.htm
Read more: http://www.ilo.org/global/research/global-reports/world-of-work/2014/lang–en/index.htm
FAO “Identification Guide to the Deep-sea Cartilaginous Fishes of the Indian Ocean”
Fishers will have an easier job of identifying deep-sea sharks thanks to a new series of FAO
guides designed to improve reporting on catches and make deep-sea fisheries more sustainable.
Full text (80 pages): http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3486e.pdf
Press release: http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/232743/icode/
WHO “Raising tax on tobacco: what you need to know”
Raising taxes on tobacco is the most effective policy to reduce tobacco use. It is also the most
cost-effective. France, the Philippines and Turkey have successfully introduced strong tobacco tax policies.
Full text (16 pages): http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/112841/1/WHO_NMH_PND_14.2_eng.pdf?ua=1
Read more: http://www.who.int/campaigns/no-tobacco-day/2014/brochure/en/
UNRWA / UNDP / Syrian Centre for Policy Research (SCPR)
“Syria: Squandering Humanity – Socioeconomic Monitoring Report on Syria.
Combined third and fourth quarter report (July – December 2013)”
Even as the death toll from Syria’s three-year civil war continues to rise, the country’s
human development has also suffered immense collateral damage – the economy has
been gutted, the healthcare system is in ruins (61 of 91 public hospitals were damaged),
and education facilities are “teetering” (4,000 schools were out of service). Three out
of four Syrians now live in poverty, 54.3 per cent – living in extreme poverty. The
country has fallen from the “medium” cluster of nations to the “low human development” group.
Full text (53 pages): http://www.unrwa.org/sites/default/files/scpr_report_q3-q4_2013_270514final_3.pdf
Read more: http://www.unrwa.org/newsroom/press-releases/squandering-humanity-new-un-economic-report-syria
UN PUBLICATIONS from APRIL 2014
DPI: ‘Yearbook of the United Nations’ launches new website with new features, better
readability across platforms, mobile devices. The United Nations has launched the new
website of the Yearbook of the United Nations, the main reference work on the
Organization’s activities. Since 1946–47, the Yearbook has served as the authoritative source of information on the United Nations system, providing comprehensive coverage of political and security matters, human rights issues, economic and social questions as well as legal,
institutional, administrative and budgetary matters.
Fact Sheet on Peacekeeping Operations as of 10 April 2014.
Fact Sheet on Political and Peacebuilding Missions as of 31 March 2014.
ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS
UNCTAD “Global Investment Trends Monitor” – UPDATE
Investment activity abroad by transnational corporations from developing economies
continued to grow in 2013, reaching a record level of US$460 billion.
Full text (8 pages): http://unctad.org/en/PublicationsLibrary/webdiaeia2014d5_en.pdf
ILO “Safety and health in the use of chemicals at work”
Chemicals are essential to modern life. The ILO acknowledges that for an appropriate
balance between the benefits of chemical use, and the preventive and control measures
of potential adverse impacts on workers, workplaces, communities and the
environment the sound management of chemicals is necessary and can be achieved with
concerted efforts by governments, employers, and workers and their organizations.
Text in Eng, Fre, Spa, Rus, Italian: http://www.ilo.org/safework/info/publications/WCMS_235085/lang–en/index.htm
Read more: http://www.ilo.org/safework/events/meetings/WCMS_235058/lang–en/index.htm
UNEP / Cities Alliance
“Integrating the Environment in Urban Planning and Management: Key Principles and Approaches for Cities in the 21st Century” With over half of the global population now living in urban areas, cities are increasingly facing the challenge of ensuring decent standards of living for their inhabitants. The
report finds that the rapid pace of urbanization represents an opportunity to build more sustainable, innovative and equitable towns and cities, and to use the world’s natural resources more efficiently.
Full text (84 pages): http://www.delog.org/cms/upload/pdf-ug/integrating_the_environment.pdf
“Impacts of Drug Use on Users and their Families in Afghanistan”
Afghanistan is the world’s largest producer of opium poppies; it produces almost three
quarters of the world’s illicit opium. While a significant amount of the opium produced in
Afghanistan is trafficked out of the country, it was estimated that almost 10 per cent of
Afghans aged between 15 and 64 were drug users. This study aims to provide an
evolution and impact of drug use on users and their families across Afghanistan.
Full text (120 pages): http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/Studies/Impacts_Study_2014_web.pdf
“Reporting on Corruption: A Resource Tool for Governments and Journalists”
This Tool is not a true how-to manual, although it offers detailed suggestions from
leading journalists on innovative ways to use a vast and growing trove of public records
and independent media networks. The flood of information in today’s interconnected
world creates an opportunity for journalists focused on corruption, and this document
provides advice for extracting that information and explaining what it means.
Full text (106 pages): http://www.unodc.org/documents/corruption/Publications/2014/13-87497_Ebook.pdf
“Burden of disease from Household Air Pollution for 2012” 2012 around 7 million people died – one in eight of total global deaths – as a result of air pollution exposure. This finding more than doubles previous estimates and confirms that air pollution is now the world’s largest single environmental health risk. Reducing air pollution could save millions of lives. Summary (17 pages):
Press Release: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2014/air-pollution/en/
“From malaria control to malaria elimination: a manual for elimination scenario
New guide helps countries to assess the technical, operational and financial feasibility of
moving towards malaria elimination. Since 2000, there has been a 42% reduction malaria
mortality rates globally, and a 49% decline in the WHO African Region.
Press Release: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/notes/2014/world-malaria-day/en/
“Antimicrobial resistance: global report on surveillance 2014”
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) threatens the effective prevention and treatment of an ever-increasing range of infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi. A post-antibiotic era – in which common infections and minor injuries can kill – far from being an apocalyptic fantasy, is instead a very real possibility for the 21st Century. The report makes a clear case that resistance to common bacteria has reached alarming levels in many parts of the world. Full report (256 pages):
Press Release: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2014/amr-report/en/
Read more: http://www.who.int/drugresistance/documents/surveillancereport/en/
IPCC WGII AR5 Summary for Policymakers “Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability” The report makes clear that people around the world are already suffering from climate
change, as it directly affects their livelihoods, reducing crops, destroying homes and raising food prices, and that this will accelerate if climate change is left unchecked. Climate change increases the risk of armed conflict around the world because it worsens poverty and economic shocks. Summary (44 pages): http://ipcc-wg2.gov/AR5/images/uploads/IPCC_WG2AR5_SPM_Approved.pdf
“OHCHR Management Plan 2014-2017”
The goal for the Plan is to make the most of the resources in implementing the human
rights mandate of the United Nations. The six thematic priorities are: strengthening
international human rights mechanisms; enhancing equality and countering discrimination;
combating impunity and strengthening accountability and the rule of law; integrating human
rights in development and the economic sphere; widening the democratic space; and the
early warning and protection of human rights in situations of conflict, violence and insecurity.
This is the first time that OHCHR has identified a set of thematic priorities for a four year
period. OHCHR also commissioned a review of forecasting studies.
Press Release: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/LaunchNewManagementPlan.aspx
“Saving Lives Today and Tomorrow: Managing the Risk of Humanitarian Crises”Preventing catastrophes is possible, but this requires a new way of thinking and acting. Humanitarian actors need to reorient the way they operate to systematically analyse and manage risk. This study provides a compelling call for change and timely recommendations as the world looks towards the post-2015 framework for development and disaster risk reduction, alongside the 2016 World Humanitarian
Full text (98 pages):
UN PUBLICATIONS from MARCH 2014
UN News & Media Newsletter – April 2014
The newsletter monthly updates of coming features in UNTV’s award-winning series
21st Century and UN in Action, as well as exciting developments in UN Radio, UN
Photo, UN News Centre, UN website, and the multimedia archives. Available in English
To subscribe, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability – SUMMARY FOR
POLICYMAKERS – The Working Group II contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report
considers the vulnerability and exposure of human and natural systems, the observed impacts
and future risks of climate change, and the potential for and limits to adaptation. The chapters
of the report assess risks and opportunities for societies, economies, and ecosystems around
the world. The WGII AR5 Summary for Policymakers was approved at the 10th Session of
Working Group II, held in Yokohama, Japan, from 25to 29 March 2014.
Four Months After Typhoon Haiyan, Philippines: Progress Report. Four months after
‘super typhoon’ Haiyan hit the Philippines, signs of the devastation still line the scenery across
affected communities, serving as reminders of how much remains to be done. Other signs however
– children heading back to school, health workers back at work, or water flowing again through
community taps – convey a growing, albeit tentative, sense of recovery. Today, children’s needs
remain great, and it will take years for communities to fully recover, yet real and ignificant progress
has been made in the aftermath of the Typhoon.
http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/Typhoo_Haiyan_4_Month_Report.pdf (28 pages)
OCHA: Saving Lives Today and Tomorrow: Managing the Risk of Humanitarian Crises
Humanitarian organizations face a choice: Should they continue to respond to the growing number
of people affected by crises, with the commensurate increase in resources and efficiency gains
that this will require? Or is a more fundamental shift required, towards a model which—working
with Governments and the development sector—not only fine tunes and improves the response to
humanitarian crises, but learns to anticipate them, to act before they become catastrophes and to
prevent their recurrence? An increasing number of experts and practitioners are concluding that
the second option is not only preferable, but essential. This report aims to explain why, and how to
make that shift a reality. (98 pages)
UNICEF: Under Siege: The devastating impact on children of three years of conflict in Syria
This report takes stock of the impact that three years of violence and rights violations have had on children, and it assesses the longer-term crisis facing the region.
ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS
New IFAD report shows rural women are key to unlocking economic and social benefits
of adaptation. During IFAD’s more than 35 years of existence, gender equality and women’s
empowerment have gained increasing importance, both as objectives and as instruments for
poverty reduction. Experience has shown that “women are central to permanently improving the
lives of their families and communities, and therefore must play a pivotal role in community-based
adaptation initiatives” (CARE 2009). Yet in the countries most reliant on rainfed agriculture and
natural resources, poor rural women, who have fewerassets and less decision-making power than
men, are even more exposed.
http://www.ifad.org/climate/resources/advantage/gender.pdf (23 pages)
UNEP: 2013 Annual Report Spotlights Action on Key Environmental Issues
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in 2013 tackled a range of
critical and emerging issues on the global environmental agenda, according to the
organization’s 2013 Annual Report, which was released today.
The report focuses on UNEP’s achievements in key focus areas: climate change;
disasters and conflicts; ecosystem management; environmental governance; harmful
substances and hazardous waste; resource efficiency; and sustainable consumption and
Read More: http://www.unep.org/newscentre/Default.aspx?DocumentID=2764&ArticleID=10758&l=en#sthash.0mTZQOa4.dpuf
Full Text: http://www.unep.org/publications/
UNIDO “Industrial Development Report 2013. Sustaining Employment Growth:
The Role of Manufacturing and Structural Change”
The report underlines the critical need for international cooperation to achieve the
structural change and economic growth required to combat poverty, and reaffirm the
commitment of my Organization to fulfil its unique mandate in support of this effort.http://www.unido.org/en/resources/publications/flagship-publications/industrial-development-report-series/industrial-development-report-2002-2003.html
Human Security Research Group, School for International Studies,
Simon Fraser University – for information only
“Human Security Report 2013 – The Decline in Global Violence: Evidence, Explanation, and Contestation”
In 2011, Harvard’s Stephen Pinker published a major study on long-term trends in
global violence. “The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined”, has
won widespread critical debate. The 2013 Human Security Report’s analysis of the
critiques and their counter-claims provides the most comprehensive review to date of
what has become an increasingly heated debate.|
Full Report (127 pages): http://hsrgroup.org/docs/Publications/HSR2013/HSRP_Report_2013_140226_Web.pdf
Overview (15 pages): http://hsrgroup.org/docs/Publications/HSR2013/HSRP_Report_2013_Overview_Web%20Final.pdf
Press Release: http://www.hsrgroup.org/docs/Publications/HSR2013/HSR_2013_Press_Release.pdf