Terms of Reference: HAUSA LANGUAGE INFORMATION ASSISTANT
City and Country of Post: Lagos, Nigeria
Contract Type: Individual Service Contract
Level: SB 2 Peg 3: Expected Commencement: July 2017
Duration: Initial 6 months. Renewable depending on availability of funds
United Nations Information Centre (UNIC) Lagos has the mandate to communicate the work of, values, priorities and initiatives of the United Nations in Nigeria and around the world to the Nigerian Population.
The United Nations promotes peace, development, human rights and humanitarian assistance. The Northern States of Nigeria are in need of the combination of UN interventions, especially with the Agenda 2030 and following the Paris Agreement on climate change. This is a region that has seen long periods of insurgency and humanitarian crisis; the Lake Chad is drying up and agriculture has become more difficult. There have been reported human rights violations especially by insurgent groups. The population largely communicates in Hausa language. While most of the population depends on radio – in all the different available formats and platforms – there is an increasing number of young people who are active on social media. The information disseminated through radio and social media has potential to reach up to 50 million Hausa speakers in the Sahel region of Africa.
UNIC Lagos plans to establish a Hausa language service at the Centre that will enable the United Nations improve messaging to Northern Nigeria, with potential to reach the entire Sahel region on Africa.
In view of the foregoing, UNIC Lagos is searching for potential candidate to be recruited for the position of Hausa Language Information Assistant; who would be based at UNIC Lagos but will work closely with the media, especially radio stations in Northern Nigeria and the Nigeria External Service radio (Voice of Nigeria) for the implementation of activities as outlined above.
Functions / Key Results Expected
· Translate and disseminate the daily UN Radio news productions to Hausa radio programmes around the country
· Translate other DPI messages and material that UNIC Lagos will use in campaigns, including OpEds from senior UN officials as appropriate
· UNIC Lagos to participate in Hausa radio programmes productions with message themes from DPI
· Establish Hausa language platforms on UNIC Lagos social media to target the young people
· Participate in school/educational outreach programmes in Northern Nigeria using Hausa
· Provide Hausa language materials for schools; journalists and other target groups
· Participate in interviews with international media on UN issues in Hausa
· Regular reporting on progress UNIC Lagos is making with deployment of the Hausa service
Core Values and Competencies
· Demonstrates the values of the United Nations in daily activities and behaviours. Acts without consideration of personal gain. Resists undue political pressure in decision-making. Does not abuse power or authority. Stands by decisions that are in the Organization’s interest, even if they are unpopular. Takes prompt action in cases of unprofessional or unethical behaviour.
· Shows pride in work and in achievements. Demonstrates professional competence and mastery of subject matter. Is conscientious and efficient in meeting commitments, observing deadlines and achieving results. Is motivated by professional rather than personal concerns. Shows persistence when faced with difficult problems or challenges. Remains calm in stressful situations.
Respect for Diversity
· Works effectively with people from all backgrounds. Treats all people with dignity and respect. Treats men and women equally. Shows respect for and understanding of diverse points of view and demonstrates this understanding in daily work and decision-making. Examines own biases and behaviours to avoid stereotypical responses. Does not discriminate against any individual or group.
· Speaks and writes clearly and effectively. Listens to others, correctly interprets messages from others and responds appropriately. Asks questions to clarify, and exhibits interest in having two-way communication. Tailors language, tone, style and format to match the audience. Demonstrates openness in sharing information and keeping people informed.
· Works collaboratively with colleagues to achieve organizational goals. Solicits input by genuinely valuing others’ ideas and expertise; is willing to learn from others. Places team agenda before personal agenda. Supports and acts in accordance with final group decision, even when such decisions may not entirely reflect own position. Shares credit for team accomplishments and accepts joint responsibility for team shortcomings.
Planning and Organising
· Develops clear goals that are consistent with agreed strategies. Identifies priority activities and assignments; adjusts priorities as required. Allocates appropriate amount of time and resources for completing work. Foresees risks and allows for contingencies when planning. Monitors and adjusts plans and actions as necessary. Uses time efficiently.
· Considers all those to whom services are provided to be “clients” and seeks to see things from clients’ point of view. Establishes and maintains productive partnerships with clients by gaining their trust and respect. Identifies clients’ needs and matches them to appropriate solutions. Monitors ongoing developments inside and outside the clients’ environment to keep informed and anticipate problems. Keeps clients informed of progress or setbacks in projects. Meets timeline for delivery of products or services to client.
Specifically s/he must:
· Possess at least a university degree or its equivalent in Mass Communication or journalism
· Be a native Hausa language speaker
· Have experience living and working in Northern Nigeria
· Have worked with the media for at least four years
· Have a knowledge of the issues and challenges facing Northern Nigeria
· Have some understanding of the United Nations
· Have proven skills with social media
· Be experienced with radio productions: production, directing, editing, digital radio and webcasting
· Young, energetic and have some experience working as radio programmes producer in Hausa and preferably should have worked for one of the top Hausa radio stations in Nigeria
· Good interpersonal skills and ability to work effectively with team members, delivering through and with others;
· Ability to apply judgment in the area of job assigned , plan own work and manage conflicting priorities;
· Good writing skills with attention to details as well as understanding the conceptual frameworks;
· Excellent communication and reporting skills;
· Strong computer skills, including word processing, presentation packages (Power Point), Internet, etc;
· Strong skills in the application of communication technologies;
· Ability to work in a multicultural environment and in a team.
· Good English Language skills
Method of Application
All interested applicants should send an application letter with detailed CVs to UNIC Lagos.
Thru: firstname.lastname@example.org Submission Deadline: 15 May 2017
The Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator of the United Nations in Nigeria, Mr Edward Kallon, has reaffirmed his commitment and that of the United Nations system in Nigeria towards supporting the country’s efforts aimed at addressing current challenges such as the current economic recession and responding to the ongoing humanitarian crisis in the North-East. “I am also aware of the numerous challenges in the middle-belt and in the south of the country”, Mr Kallon acknowledged during his one-week mission (10 – 14 April 2017) to Lagos State where he engaged Lagos State government, the private sector, the media and a few Federal Government parastatals. He further committed to supporting the government in implementing the recently launched Economic Recovery and Growth Plan (ERGP).
“Addressing these challenges”, he noted, “would require a strong partnership between the Federal and State Governments and the United Nations.” “We need each other’s support and a strong partnership. A Stable North-East is good for business, a prosperous Lagos, is fertile ground for more investment and a stronger Nigeria is good for Africa.” He added.
Mr Kallon, who is also UNDP Nigeria Resident Representative, disclosed that his visit to Lagos afforded him an opportunity to engage with the Governor of Lagos State, H. E. Mr Akinwunmi Ambode and reach out to the private sector in order to explore avenues for enhanced partnership in the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and in addressing or the crisis in the North-East.
Discussing with Governor Ambode, Mr Kallon observed that “the phenomenal past growth and future growth prospects of Lagos should accrue equitably to all segments of society and all geographic areas of the State. There is need to ensure that the fruits of prosperity in the State are enjoyed by all. There is need to sustainably tame the ocean, pay attention to improving access to basic services while addressing poverty in all its dimensions without leaving anyone behind.” He emphasized, noting that the SDGs provided a framework which the State could use to address its development challenges.
“SDGs as a development framework is about national vision, national leadership and national ownership. We thus have a clear roadmap for the SDGs mainstreaming process. We should move with speed to begin its implementation bearing in mind that our comparative advantage does not lie in provision of financial resources but rather in technical expertise, cutting edge policy advisory support, institutional capacity building and convening power, bringing together all development actors around the table to discuss topical development issues.” He explained.
Responding, Governor Ambode reiterated the commitment of Lagos State Government to working with the United Nations. “We are willing and ready to learn from the UN experience and technical expertise.” He said.
Earlier on his mission, the Resident Coordinator paid a courtesy call on Nigeria’s former President, Chief Olusegun Obansanjo at his Hilltop residence in Abeokuta and also engaged with the Chairman of Dangote Group, Alhaji Aliko Dangote on the humanitarian crisis in North-East Nigeria and the need to act fast within the next eighteen months.
Mr Kallon who was accompanied on the mission by a few Heads of UN Agencies in Nigeria and other technical experts, also had interactive sessions with representatives of Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) in Lagos State; management of Federal Institute of Industrial Research, Oshodi (FIIRO) and the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC).
As the world marked the International Day of Reflection on the Genocide in Rwanda at the weekend, the United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has noted that preventing genocide and other monstrous crimes is a shared responsibility of all and a core duty of the United Nations. “The only way to truly honour the memory of those who were killed in Rwanda is to ensure that such events never occur again.” He said in a video message watched by 300 students and parents who had gathered in Abuja to mark the Day.
“The world must always be alert to the warning signs of genocide, and act quickly and early against the threat.” Mr Guterres continued, “History is filled with tragic chapters of hatred, inaction and indifference – a cycle that has led to violence, incarceration and death camps.”
The Secretary General therefore urged everyone to learn the lessons of Rwanda and work together to build a future of dignity, tolerance and human rights for all.
Welcoming the audience to the educational briefing event organised by the United Nations Information Centre (UNIC) Lagos in collaboration with the Rwanda High Commission and Start-Rite School, Apo Legislative Quarters, Abuja, the National Information Officer of UNIC, Mr Oluseyi Soremekun, explained that “We are observing the International Day of Reflection on the Genocide in Rwanda to educate on the lessons of the genocide in Rwanda in order to help prevent similar acts happening anywhere in the future.”
He enjoined the students and other participants to see all tribes and religions as equal and complimentary of one another with none inferior to the other. ‘Tribes and tongues may differ’ Mr Soremekun continued, ‘but you must stand together in peace and unity.”
The Second Counsellor, Rwanda High Commission, Mr Protogene Nsengumuremyi, in his keynote address drew attention to the UN Security Council Resolution 2150 which condemns without reservation, any denial of the genocide and calls upon States that have not yet ratified or acceded to the Convention on the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide to consider doing so as a matter of high priority.
The programme featured film screening, reading of survivors’ testimonies and a drama sketch performed by students of Start-Rite School, Abuja. The programme was attended by students from seven schools including the host school, Start-Rite.
April 7 every year is the International Day of Reflection on the Genocide in Rwanda.
Poverty surpasses a state of having little or no money and material possessions. It manifests in various forms such as hunger, poor health, limited access to education, discrimination, to mention a few and these effects of poverty can lead to lifelong struggles. The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere, is indeed one that should be achieved without leaving anyone out.
The UN reports that about one in five persons in developing regions live below poverty line and the first target of the SDG 1 seeks to eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere by 2030. On the scale of the Human Development Index (HDI) Report of 2015, Nigeria ranks 152nd out of 188 countries. The United Nations Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (UNGMPI) published in June 2015, gives an estimated percentage of poverty rate in the 36 states in Nigeria. An analysis of this report reveals that poverty in Nigeria correlates with level of education and the stability of each State. Therefore, we want to consider the role of low literacy/ education and high level of insurgency in poverty outlook in Nigeria.
According to UNICEF, Northern Nigeria records the lowest school attendance rate, particularly for girls. Education is directly related to the ability to earn enough to stay out of poverty, the higher the individual’s education, the more job benefits that become available. UNICEF supports efforts to increase equitable access to quality basic education and to improve learning achievements, special emphasis is given to girls’ education. According to the UNGMPI, Northern states in Nigeria record high rates of poverty with Zamfara 91.9%, Adamawa 59%, Borno 70.1%, etc. Whereas, the Southern states record relatively low rates with Lagos 8.5%, Ekiti 12.9%, Osun 10.9% etc. We hence can see a relationship between low literacy rate and poverty as seen in the North compared to the South. Education in all forms is key to breaking the cycle of poverty and it generally has an uplifting effect on other aspects of society.
The high poverty rate in the North-Eastern states in Nigeria can also be linked to insurgency in the area. The UNGMPI shows that the North-Eastern states are among the 15 states with the highest poverty rate. Borno 70.1%, Bauchi 86.6%, Adamawa 59.0%, Gombe 76.9%, Taraba 77.7%. Insurgency in North-East Nigeria has affected basic education negatively, it has also resulted in the internal displacement of persons. The Boko Haram activities which started in 2009 have left many homeless and displaced and these persons have been placed into Internally Displaced Persons camps in the North-East Nigeria. Life in these camps is not conducive as normal life remained a luxury the displaced persons could not afford. This situation has great impact on the poverty level.
The 17 SDGs are interlinked, right from Goal one to the seventeenth goal. ‘No Poverty’ for instance is interlinked to ‘Zero hunger’, ‘Quality education’ which is Goal 4 as well as Goal 16 which is ‘Peace Justice and Strong Institution’. The insurgency in the North-East has provided a good case studies to development experts and researchers and they have established a nexus between Poverty, education and peace. It needs no rocket science to see that where poverty is predominant, there cannot be peace. Similarly, A people that lack education would struggle in the area of economic development and more likely to get stuck in the poverty rut for a long time. To properly address poverty, everyone should take education seriously just as peace should be paramount in the mind of all. No doubt, Education and a peaceful atmosphere are antidotes to Poverty.
A lot of interventions have been carried out by the Nigerian government, the United Nations and its specialized agencies as well as Non-Governmental Organisations, but a lot still need to be done. It is of extreme importance for everyone, both young and old, private and public, individually and collectively, to be involved in the SDG 1 in order to end poverty in all its forms everywhere. You have a role. I have a role. We all have a role play in ending poverty everywhere.
Written by Sonia Ahanmisi (Intern)
It was indeed commendable to see Lagos State’s development planners and representatives of Local Governments engaged in discussion on how to raise awareness and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at the grassroots level. This was the case on Thursday, 30 March 2017, when the Lagos State Ministry of Economic Planning and Budget (MEPB) in collaboration with United Kingdom Department for International Development (UK – DFID) and the United Nations Information Centre (UNIC) held a Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) awareness programme at the Library Auditorium of UNIC, Ikoyi Lagos.
The programme which was the third and the last in the series, included over 100 representatives from Local Government Areas (LGA’s), Local Development Area Council (LCDA’s) and Community Development Committee (CDC) under the Lagos Central Senatorial District. It was aimed at raising awareness of the SDGs and highlighting the need for everyone, including those at the various Local Government Areas, to understand the goals and the targets.
In his opening remarks, the Director of the United Nations Information Centre, Mr. Ronald Kayanja, underscored the importance of the SDGs to development planning for the next fourteen years. According to him, “It is important that we mainstream the global goals into the country’s development plan at the three levels of government: Federal, States and the Local Governments. We all have the responsibilities to localize the goals and ensure that they are deeply rooted in the society.”
The Director, Development Partnership Department (DPD), Mr. Bankole, the Director of Planning, Mr. Akinsanya, who represented the Lagos State Permanent Secretary as well as Mrs. Margaret Fagboyo, Program Officer, Department for International Development, (DFID) and other speakers highlighted the importance of the SDGs awareness programme to the total development of the society as it encourages participation across all levels. They noted that the SDGs would only be achieved if everyone was involved.
The workshop paraded ‘SDGs Champions’ who are members of MEPB previously trained by UNIC, UNDP and DFID in the past. They are to continually educate and work closely in the SDG planning process with those at the area level, achieving a bond between the state and local governments.
The 17 SDGs Champions were decorated with ‘SDGs Wheel’ pins by Mr Kayanja.
“Youth have a crucial role to play in the achievement of the Global Goals, otherwise known as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). They are great thinkers, innovative and drivers of change.” These were the words of Mr. Oluseyi Soremekun, National Information Officer of the United Nations Information Centre (UNIC) Lagos, in his welcome address at the ‘Nigerian Youth SDGs Pre-Summit – Inspiring youth engagement, promoting youth participation’, held at the UN information Centre in Ikoyi, Lagos.
Mr. Soremekun who represented the Director; Mr Ronald Kayanja, introduced and explained the relevance of the SDGs to youth. He enjoined the youth to pull together their creative energies and harness the opportunities offered by the SDGs as an extension of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). He continued, “Youth must play an active role in the implementation and reporting of the SDGs. The goals are ambitious and all-encompassing giving room for everyone to contribute.”
The National Information Officer further stated that the SDGs as a development framework, addresses issues that are of interest to both the developed and developing countries; private and public sectors as well as the Civil society and the academia. ‘They are global goals that leave no one behind’, he added.
The pre-summit organized by NextGen Africa in collaboration with UNIC Lagos, had in attendance representatives of youth organisations from Lagos and neighbouring States. Speaking at the event, the Founder of NextGen Africa, Mr Joshua Alade explained that the purpose of the summit was to ensure that youths in Nigeria worked under one umbrella to achieve the global goals. The pre-summit included youth stakeholders in development and young people driven to attain the global goals in Nigeria. Some of the stakeholders gave brief descriptions of their works and plans towards the achievement of the global goals.
The participants, who later broke into five discussion groups, discussed topics such as ‘How can we make economic and strategic case for the SDGs?’ ‘How can we break silos, catalyse and facilitate new forms of partnership and communities of practice – across sectors to deliver on the SDGs?’ ‘How can we raise the profile of the SDGs across the various sectors and the Nigerian public?’ ‘How can we develop a coordinated National approach to the SDGs?’ ‘How can we prioritize SDGs while ensuring nothing important is ignored and interlinkages between the goals are addressed?’ Representatives of the groups made presentations on the topics to the plenary.
The pre-summit rounded off with a mandate to the attendants to ensure adequate sensitization of the Nigerian youth on what the SDGs represent, using a unified, all-inclusive and participatory method to build a foundation for these goals towards a sustainable Nigeria.
Other organizing partners were United Nations Association of Nigeria (UNAN) and SustyVibes.
Against the backdrop of modern day slavery as exemplified by forced migration, forced labour and human trafficking, the Director of the United Nations Information Centre (UNIC) Nigeria, Mr Ronald Kayanja, has called on everyone to shun all forms of slavery as all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. “The right to liberty and security”, he said, “is a fundamental human right that must be respected and no one should hold anyone in slavery or servitude”.
He said this at the weekend in Calabar, Cross River State, South-East Nigeria, during the educational briefing of students as part of activities marking the International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade, organised by UNIC Lagos and the Cross River State Government.
Addressing over 200 students from 10 High Schools, Mr Kayanja who was represented by UNIC National Information Officer, Mr Oluseyi Soremekun, urged that “Those in position of power and influence at all levels including the family unit, should desist from exploiting and taking advantage of the vulnerable ones who are not in position to withhold consent to servitude.”
Explaining the theme for this year’s observance, “Remember Slavery: Recognising the Legacy and Contributions of People of African Descent”, the UNIC Director explained that it focused on the ways in which enslaved Africans and their descendants influenced and continued to shape societies around the world, including in the areas of technology and culture; as well as the persistent spirit and innovation of the people in communities affected by the Transatlantic Slave Trade.
Declaring the International Day open, the Governor of Cross River State, Professor Ben Ayade, represented by the Commissioner Ministry of International Development Cooperation (MIDC), Hon Francis Ettah, acknowledged that Calabar was eminently qualified to host the ‘Remember Slavery’ programme in Nigeria due to its strategic importance as a slave port during the period of Slave Trade and thanked the United Nations for making Cross River the destination when it decided to take the observance out of Lagos for the first time.
He disclosed that the same year the UN General Assembly established the ‘Remember Slavery’ Programme in 2007, the Cross River State Government also established the Calabar Slave Museum, an indication that the State government and the UN were thinking alike.
Hon Ettah therefore urged the students not to allow themselves to be lured into slavery under the pretext of greener pastures.
The educational briefing was preceded by a public awareness rally led by the Commissioner MIDC, Hon Ettah, Permanent Secretary of MIDC, Dr Gabriel Akpeke and UNIC National Information Officer Oluseyi Soremekun. The rally which was spiced up by music with intermittent messages of ‘Remember Slavery’, was started from the Government Secretariat and terminated at WAPI school, the venue of the briefing.
The students were treated to a film screening tiled, ‘Queen Nanny: The Legendary Maroon Chieftainess’; a Poster Exhibition as well as a rendition by the WAPI school choir after which 30 students who answered correctly, questions drawn from the film, were taken to the ‘Slave History Museum’ at Marina Resort, Calabar.
Sharing her experience, Magdalene Francis, a 17-year old student of WAPI School said, “I was touched. I felt bad and it was as if I was the victim.” “I learnt a lot today. I want to thank UNIC and Cross River State Government for the opportunity to learn about Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade,” said Christopher Edet, a 17-year old student of WAPI.
UN General Assembly, in December 2007, declared 25 March the International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade, to be observed annually.
Language is culture and a way of life. Little wonder it was all fun and fanfare in Lagos: Traditional drummers in their elements, display of traditional dance steps, oral poetry rendition in Yoruba language, participants in gorgeous traditional attires, educational briefing of students in Yoruba Language and at a venue decorated with cultural artefacts, all combined to make Tuesday, 21 February 2017, truly the International Mother Language Day in Nigeria.
Organised by the United Nations Information Centre (UNIC) Lagos, in collaboration with the Lagos Education District 1, Agege, and observed in the 99 schools under the administration of the District, the Mother Language Day event also featured the launch of the Guidelines on the use of Yoruba Language on Thursdays, at the Assembly Ground of all Public schools in the District. By the Guidelines, all public schools must on Thursdays conduct the Assembly Ground activities in Yoruba Language.
Addressing the over 400 participants at the observance of the 2017 International Mother Language Day in Lagos, the Director of the United Nations Information Centre (UNIC), Mr Ronald Kayanja urged parents to teach and encourage their children to speak in their mother tongue. “Master your mother language. Teach and encourage your children to speak their mother language”, he said.
Explaining the 2017 theme: ‘Towards Sustainable Futures through Multilingual Education’, the Director noted that “To foster sustainable development, learners must have access to education in their mother tongue and in other languages. It is through the mastery of the first language or mother tongue that the basic skills of reading, writing and numeracy are acquired. Local languages, especially minority and indigenous, transmit cultures, values and traditional knowledge, thus playing an important role in promoting sustainable futures.”
Mr Kayanja whose message was interpreted in Yoruba language by the National Information Officer of UNIC Lagos, Mr Oluseyi Soremekun, therefore, called on teachers to desist from cautioning students who speak in the mother tongue. “The era of ‘Do not speak in the vernacular’ is gone. The United Nations General Assembly has called upon Member States “to promote the preservation and protection of all languages used by peoples of the world.” He said.
Mr Kayanja added that “promoting the mother language is part of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4: ‘Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all’ and I want to commend the Lagos State Government for its commitment to promoting the mother language in schools”.
Clad in the traditional Yoruba attire, the Tutor General and Permanent Secretary of Lagos Education District 1, Dr (Mrs) Olufolayimika Ayandele, noted that the launch of the Guidelines was meant to draw attention to the need to promote mother language speaking, reading, listening, writing, teaching and learning. She said further that any student who has mastered the mother tongue would find other subjects easier if thought in the mother tongue.
“Besides”, the Tutor General continued, “a good understanding of the mother language, would not impede the development and the performances of the students in any field they have chosen,” she continued, “All moves to promote the dissemination of mother tongues will serve not only to encourage linguistic diversity and multilingual education but also to develop fuller awareness of linguistic and cultural traditions throughout the world.”
The International Mother Language Day was proclaimed by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in November 1999 (30C/62) and has been observed every year since February 2000 to promote linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism.
The survival of man depends on land and the ecosystem. To ensure that life on land is preserved and kept safe for both humans and animals, environmental menace, land degradation, deforestation and pollution of all kinds must be checked. This is why everyone has to work towards achieving the goals and targets of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 15: To protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.
SDG 15, simply referred to as ‘Life on Land’, targets preserving diverse forms of life on land. This requires promoting the conservation and sustainable use of terrestrial and other ecosystem resources. This is not only critical for human lives, but also imperative to preserve the lives of animal species such as amphibians, birds and mammals that are on the verge of extinction. Environmental activities by humans that also affect the safety of life on land, especially for animas include poaching, and trafficking of wildlife.
Land and Forest are important resources that sustain life on land. However in Nigeria, these resources are depleting due to land degradation, deforestation and pollution. These depleting factors arise due to over-use and inappropriate use of technologies and urbanization. In fact, Nigeria’s Ministry of Environment records show that major factors that cause land degradation include deforestation resulting from multiple uses of forest resources for human survival (e.g. fuel wood and energy, housing etc.), poaching and mineral exploration(Mining). The National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA) also recorded that in the first half of the year 2007 a total of 424 spill incidents involving 33,799 barrels of oil. Hence, the resultant heat stress and acid rain continues to degrade the ecosystem. As a result, we are constantly exposed to the hazards of highly polluted gaseous and dust emissions from industries and vehicles and dangerous industrial wastes that are constantly being discharged into the environment.
Meanwhile, the Federal Ministry of Environment and the United Nations have both made several efforts to ensure that life on land is secured in Nigeria as well as globally. However, these efforts can be aided if everyone can likewise promote activities that conserve and ensure sustainable use of land and forest resources. For example, The Great Green Wall Program, is a Pan African Initiative which is set up to address land degradation and desertification, boost food security and support communities to adapt to climate change in the Sahel-Sahara region of Africa while the Nigerian Erosion and Watershed Management Project (NEWMAP) was set-up by Nigeria Ministry of Environment with the aid of the World Bank, to respond to the gully erosion and degradation challenges that was plaguing the country as at 2010.
Also, to mitigate the glaring cases of deforestation and conserve endangered species in the Niger Delta region, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) launched a project being executed by the Niger Delta Biodiversity Conservation Project in collaboration with community members who play crucial roles in the conservation and protection of forests as they are the custodians of natural resources, living around the forests and relying on the land to provide food, medicines, and energy for their subsistence. More so, The Niger Delta Biodiversity Project (NDBP) an initiative of United Nations Development Program (UNDP) carried out some activities, among which is the implementation of Community Biodiversity Action Plan (CBAP), within four Niger Delta states of Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Delta and Rivers, which were captured in the five-year biodiversity conservation program which commenced in 2014. These and many more efforts have been made by the Nigerian government and the United Nations System to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal15.
However, it is important to re-emphasize the need for commitment from everyone to promote the conservation and sustainable use of terrestrial resources through simple activities such as planting for trees, desisting from poaching, avoiding bush burning and illicit oil exploration.
Written by Ifeoluwa Akinola (An intern)