“The introduction of the responsibility to protect in the United Nations Peacekeeping rules of engagement was a major reform in the UN Peace Keeping Operations.” This assertion was made on Wednesday, 14 February 2018, by the Director of the UN Information Centre (UNIC) Nigeria, Mr Ronald Kayanja, while engaging International Relations and Political Science students of Covenant University on the topic, “The International Peace Architecture: Challenges for the 21st Century” during their ‘Town and Gown’ lecture.
According to him, following the tragedy of the genocide in Rwanda, the doctrine of responsibility to protect was introduced and it revolutionised UN peacekeeping operations, and saved millions of lives.
Explaining the contribution of the UN to global peace and security, Mr Kayanja noted that the number of wars around the world has decreased as more countries embraced democratic governance; and voices of youth and the marginalised are getting heard.
He noted that Chapter IV of the UN Charter deals with actions with respect to threats to the peace, breaches of the peace and acts of aggression. This Chapter, according to him, gives the Security Council where it deems necessary “to take action by air, sea, or land forces as may be necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security” using forces of Member States but under UN Command.
The Head of Department of International Relations and Political Science, Dr Oluyemi Fayomi, in her welcome address, thanked the UNIC Director and his team which included the National Information Officer, Dr Oluseyi Soremekun, and urged the students to tap from Mr Kayanja’s experience.